Black Grouper (Epinephelus caninus) is a sea fish belonging to the Serranidae family, rare in Italian seas.
Distribution and habitat
It is a very southern species, in fact it has its main range along the tropical African coasts. In the Mediterranean it is rare, it is sometimes fished in Sicilian and Greek waters.
It generally lives between 100 and 200 meters deep on rocky or mixed surfaces.
Similar to the brown grouper, it is distinguished by:
some dark lines behind the eye (characteristic effect of “rigged eyes”)
dorsal, anal and caudal fins edged with white
dark indistinct bands on the sides while the light spots typical of E.marginatus are always absent.
It reaches truly remarkable dimensions: up to a maximum of 160 cm per 90 kg of weight (in African waters).
Carnivorous based on other fish and cephalopods similar to congeners.