Sparids - Sparidae

Mormora - Lithognathus Mormoryus

Mormora - Lithognathus Mormoryus

La mormora (Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758)), conosciuta anche come marmora, è un pesce osseo marino appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae. .....
Occhiata - Oblada melanura

Occhiata - Oblada melanura

Occhiata - Oblada melanura - IntotheBlue.it - Sparidae L' Occhiata (Oblada melanura Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce d'acqua salata appartenente alla fa...
Orata - Sparus Aurata

Orata - Sparus Aurata

Orata - Sparus Aurata - IntotheBlue.it sparidae sparidi L'orata (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce osseo di mare e di acque salmastre, appa...
Salpa - Sarpa salpa

Salpa - Sarpa salpa

La Salpa, Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758), comunemente conosciuta come salpa, è un pesce osseo marino appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae. È l'unica specie del genere Sarpa. ...
Sarago - Diplodus Sargus

Sarago - Diplodus Sargus

Il Sarago (Diplodus) è un genere di pesci ossei marini appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae, comunemente noti come saraghi. Sarago Diplodus Sargus sparidae sparidi sparide Mar Mediterraneo ...
Sarago fasciato - Diplodus vulgaris

Sarago fasciato - Diplodus vulgaris

Il sarago fasciato (Diplodus vulgaris (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)), conosciuto comunemente come sarago comune o sarago testa nera, è un pesce osseo marino appartenente alla famiglia Sparidae....
Sarago Maggiore - Diplodus sargus sargus

Sarago Maggiore - Diplodus sargus sargus

Il sarago maggiore, Diplodus sargus o Diplodus sargus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce di mare appartenente alla famiglia degli Sparidi. ...
Sarago Pizzuto - Diplodus puntazzo

Sarago Pizzuto - Diplodus puntazzo

Sarago Pizzuto Sargo Picudo Diplodus puntazzo Sparidi Sparids Sparidae intotheblue.it ...
Tanuta - Cantaro - Spondyliosoma cantharus

Tanuta - Cantaro - Spondyliosoma cantharus

La tanuta o cantaro Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758) è un pesce di mare della famiglia Sparidae. ...

The Sparidae family includes 125 species of saltwater fish belonging to the order Perciformes.

Sarago fasciato Diplodus vulgaris intotheblue.it

Distribution and habitat

The bream are widespread in all temperate and tropical waters of the world, including the Mediterranean Sea, where they are extremely common and often make up the bulk of the fish fauna of coastal areas. The area where they are represented by the greatest number of species, however, South Africa. Some sparidae are euryhaline and can be found in brackish or fresh waters. They are more frequent in coastal areas but can be found, even in large numbers in circalittoral.

 

Description

The form of sparidae is usually fairly uniform: the body is stretched, compressed and the sides high enough. The dorsal fin has the first spiny rays. The tail has the margin straight or bilobed. The teeth are usually very well developed, they can be canine, molariformi or incisiviformi. The livery is basically silver with spots, stripes and dark dots that make up a more fundamental importance to identify species. The sparidae deeper waters often have a red or pink background color.

 

Reproduction

Many species are hermaphrodites: show that male and female sexual organs, but the gonads of both sexes mature at different times so they mate fecondandosi another with another partner. Other species instead born as male specimens and aging are transformed into females (hermaphroditism proterandrous), while others are transformed into males in the group if they fail.

 

Supply

Most of the species is carnivorous, feeding on invertebrates, even at very hard shell such as shellfish or bivalve molluscs. Only a few large species catch small fish. Many species add to their diet plant material; in certain sparidae (like sails) plant component constitutes the vast majority of the diet.

 

Genera

Some of the most common species are: Diplodus sargus sargus (real seabream or greater), Diplodus vulgaris (or Banded seabream Headed), Diplodus puntazzo (Sargo picudo), Diplodus annularis (Esparrallón), Oblada melanura (Saddled seabream or Oblada), Sarpa Salpa (Salema), Sparus Aurata (Gilt Head Bream).

 

(Wikipedia)

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