Saddled Seabream (Oblada melanura) is a salted water fish belonging to the Sparidae family. It is the only species of the genus Oblada, and in the Mediterranean it is virtually omnipresent. It can live in free water, in the cave and is widespread on the wrecks, we can find it in a few inches of depths up to 40-50 meters. He lives in flocks of numerous specimens, but adult specimens can be lonely. It has the name of a black spot similar to a small eye that stands out on the caudal peduncle, despite its small size being a fierce predator feeding on fish, molluscs, sea worms, crustaceans and seaweed. In the video we see we met the cave, in free water and sheltered by a rocky wall. Occhiata Saddled Seabream – Oblada melanura – IntotheBlue.it
The Sparidae are a family of fish in the order Periformes, commonly called sea breams and porgies. The sheepshead, scup and red seabream are species in this family. Most sparids are deep-bodied compressed fish with a small mouth separated by a broad space from the eye, a single dorsal fin with strong spines and soft rays, a short anal fin, long pointed pectoral fins and rather large firmly attached scales. They are found in shallow temperate and tropical waters and are bottom-dwelling carnivores.
There are hermaphrodites in the Sparidae. Protogyny and protandry appear sporadically through this lineage of fish. Simultaneous hermaphrodites and bi-directional hermaphrodites do not appear as much since Sparidae are found in shallower waters. Species of fish that express a hermaphroditic condition usually “lack a genetic hardwire”, therefore ecological factors play a role in sex determination.
Most species possess grinding, molar-like teeth. Some of the species, such as Polysteganus undulosus, have been subject to everfishing, or exploitation beyond sustainable recovery. Occhiata Saddled Seabream – Oblada melanura – IntotheBlue.it
(extract from Wikipedia)