Noble Pen Shell - Pinna Nobilis

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pinna nobilis e cernia

In this video while I was trying to photograph a small grouper, I found a Noble Pen Shell (Pinna Nobilis). An unusual backdrop for these molluscs that usually live on muddy and sandy bottoms; as we can see here the Pinna Nobilis seems to come out of the rock. In the area probably their ideal environment is compromised by nets and trawl nets that do not allow its development and probably this bivalve molluscum is spreading also on the seabed of rock and posidonia.

Pinna Nobilis

Pinna nobilis, common name the noble pen shell or fan mussel, is a large species of Mediterranean clam, a  marine bivalve mollusc in the family Pinnidae, the pen shells. It reaches up to 100 cm of shell length.

The bivalve shell is usually 30–50 cm long, but can reach 100 cm. Its shape differs depending on the region it inhabits. Like all pen shells, it is relatively fragile to pollution and shell damage. It attaches itself to rocks using a strong byssus.  These keratin fibres that the animal secretes by its byssus gland can be up to 6 cm long. The inside of the shell is lined with brilliant mother-of-pearl.

This species is endemic to the Mediterranean, where it lives offshore at depths ranging between 0.5 and 60 m. It could be found buried beneath soft-sediment areas.

In recent years, Pinna nobilis has become threatened with extinction, due in part to fishing, incidental killing by trawling and anchoring, and the decline in seagrass fields; pollution kills eggs, larvae, and adult mussels. The noble pen shell has been listed as an endangered species in the Mediterranean Sea. The European Council, Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC, on conservation of natural habitats and the wild fauna and flora, proclaims that Pinna Nobilis is strictly protected all forms of deliberate capture or killing of fan mussel specimens are prohibited by law. pinna nobilis e cernia

(extract from Wikipedia)

Informazioni sull'autore / About the author:
Andrea Cirivasi Andrea Cirivasi ha scritto / wrote 136 articoli / Posts.
Questo articolo è stato scritto il / This article was written on 02/02/2018