Sarago Diplodus Sargus intotheblue.it
The Diplodus sargus belongs to the class Osteichthyes, subclass Actinopterygii, order Peciformes, suborder Pecoidei, family Sparidae.
It ha san oval body quite high and compact, of silvery colour; it can reach a maximum length of 45 cm and a weight that rarely exceeds 2Kg in adulthood. Predominantly carnivorous feeds on small crustaceans and worms.
The Diplodus sargus we find it starting from the surface up to a depth of 30/40 meters, we hardly find it at greater depths.
The Diplodus sargus is common throughout the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern Atlantic Ocean from bay of Biscay to Angola. It prefers the shallows characterized by rocky areas where it easily finds shelter inside the burrows. It is a fish that loves social life and in fact we find it in herds both among its own similar and with other fish of different species.
The Sparidae are a family of fish in the order Periformes, commonly called sea breams and porgies. The sheepshead, scup and red seabream are species in this family. Most sparids are deep-bodied compressed fish with a small mouth separated by a broad space from the eye, a single dorsal fin with strong spines and soft rays, a short anal fin, long pointed pectoral fins and rather large firmly attached scales. They are found in shallow temperate and tropical waters and are bottom-dwelling carnivores.
There are hermaphrodites in the Sparidae. Protogyny and protandry appear sporadically through this lineage of fish. Simultaneous hermaphrodites and bi-directional hermaphrodites do not appear as much since Sparidae are found in shallower waters. Species of fish that express a hermaphroditic condition usually “lack a genetic hardwire”, therefore ecological factors play a role in sex determination.
Most species possess grinding, molar-like teeth. Some of the species, such as Polysteganus undulosus, have been subject to everfishing, or exploitation beyond sustainable recovery. Sarago Diplodus Sargus intotheblue.it
(extract from Wikipedia)