Cladocora caespitosa, commonly known as cushion coral, (Linnaeus, 1758) is a large madrepore of the order Madreporari, subclass Hexacorallia, Class Anthozoans (Philum Cnidaria). Coral Loaf Madrepora a Cuscino Cladocora Caespitosa IntotheBlue.it
Shape of the colonies similar to rounded pillows that in some cases can reach the meter in diameter and weigh tens of kilograms.
This endemic madrepore of the Mediterranean Sea lives attached to the rocks at a depth of between 5 and 25 meters of depth, but we can find it almost in contact with the surface and even several hundred meters of depth; there are reports of sightings well over 500 meters.
The Cladocora is increased by bud at the base of the individual polyps, the young polyps grow up to reach the original octopus and tend to thicken creating that beautiful pillow shape that we show in our movie. Coral Loaf Madrepora a Cuscino Cladocora Caespitosa IntotheBlue.it
Much of the Mediterranean coast enjoys a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. However, most of its southeastern coast has a hot desert climate, and much of Spain’s eastern (Mediterranean) coast has a cold semi-arid climate. Although they are rare, tropical cyclone occasionally form in the Mediterranean Sea, typically in September–November.
Because of the short residence time of waters, the Mediterranean Sea is considered a hot-spot for climate change effects. Deep water temperatures have increased by 0.12 °C (0.22 °F) between 1959 and 1989. According to climate projections, the Mediterranean Sea could become warmer. The decrease in precipitation over the region could lead to more evaporation ultimately increasing the Mediterranean Sea salinity. Because of the changes in temperature and salinity, the Mediterranean Sea may become more stratified by the end of the 21st century, with notable consequences on water circulation and biogeochemistry.