Dive with Violescent sea-whip Paramuricea clavata

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Diving in conditions of poor visibility is not exactly the best, but reaching the bottom and being in the presence of the red Gorgonia, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip repays for every effort and discomfort. Especially when you are surrounded by Gorgonians one meter high, one meter and a half practically everywhere at 360 °. Immersione tra le Gorgonie rosse Paramuricea clavata

Gorgonia rossa, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip. Dive with Paramuricea clavata. intotheblue.it

Gorgonia rossa, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip. Dive with Paramuricea clavata. intotheblue.it

Paramuricea clavata, red Gorgonia is considered an endangered species, the IUCN Red List classifies Paramuricea clavata as a vulnerable species.

In the past the colonies of red gorgonia were very numerous, today we are witnessing their decline throughout the Mediterranean, especially in surface waters as a result of the warming of the waters.

Other factors that threaten its survival are indiscriminate collection by divers, and the damage done by trawling. It is a very fragile and very slow growing species. By virtue of these characteristics it is considered a biological indicator of the balance of the marine ecosystem.

Gorgonia rossa, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip. Dive with Paramuricea clavata. intotheblue.it

Gorgonia rossa, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip. Dive with Paramuricea clavata. intotheblue.it

Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1826) is a Mediterranean sea fan of the Plexauridae family. It appears as an arborescent formation with dense dark red branches, which forms fans that can reach dimensions up to a meter in height. The terminal branches, claviform, are sometimes yellow. The skeleton is protein; the surface has calcareous spicules that act as a refuge for the retractile polyps.

Gorgonia rossa, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip. Dive with Paramuricea clavata. intotheblue.it

Gorgonia rossa, Paramuricea clavata, Violescent sea-whip. Dive with Paramuricea clavata. intotheblue.it

The colonies take on the appearance of a real submerged forest, among whose branches a remarkable biodiversity develops, consisting of fish and invertebrates of all species. It is a typical species of the Mediterranean Sea where it populates the rocky bottoms usually deep from 25-30 up to over 100 meters, favoring the ravines hardly reached by light. It is in fact a sciaphilous species, that is a lover of penumbra.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramuricea_clavata

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramuricea_clavata

 

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Andrea Cirivasi Andrea Cirivasi ha scritto / wrote 169 articoli / Posts.
Questo articolo è stato scritto il / This article was written on 13/07/2020