Schoolmaster Snapper (Lutjanus apodus) is a colorful, subtropical fish found over coral reef areas along the coasts of Florida, the Bahamas and the Carribean, though it can range northward along the Atlantic coast of the United States. Adults are 30–35 cm long and weigh 0.4–0.8 kg. It has a robust, slightly compressed body, with a pointed head. Its color varies from silvery to bronze. Fins and tails are yellow and the snout contains blue stripes. As the common name suggests, schoolmaster snapper live in groups of dozens of subjects. They keep a short distance from the sea floor at depths between 3 and 30 meters, prefer the cover provided by coral reefs during the day, and expand their range to seagrass beds at night. Like other snapper species, it is a popular food fish.. Lutjanus Apodus dentice pesce schoolmaster snapper intotheblue.it
Distribution and habitat This family is present in all tropical and subtropical seas and oceans.
To date, four species have been reported in the Mediterranean Sea, none of which are considered naturalized. Lutjanus argentimaculatus, of Lessepsian origin, known to date for two catches in Lebanese waters; Lutjanus jocu, coming from the western Atlantic and recently reported in the Ligurian Sea; Lutjanus fulviflamma, also Lessepsian, recently captured in Malta; Lutjanus sebae, reported in Greece as an introduction from the aquarium.
They are all marine and usually strictly coastal, abundant on coral reefs. Some species populate brackish waters and can be pushed for short periods in fresh water.
Description The appearance of these fish is reminiscent of the Sparidae or Haemulidae. The dorsal fin is unique with the front part composed of spiny rays, there may be a notch in the center of this fin. Three spiny rays are also present on the anal fin. The mouth is large, with robust jaws, armed with large and evident canine teeth. The related Caesionidae are similar but more tapered, with a small mouth and deeply forked caudal fin.
The coloring varies from slightly showy brownish to the most varied and lively colors with extremely variable designs between species and species and between young and adults.
They are large fish, many species exceed one meter in length and some even one and a half meters.
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