Finding Diplodus cervinus, Zebra sea bream, in the lower Ligurian Sea (or upper Tyrrhenian Sea) is a rather rare event and I would say very unusual, almost exceptional.
This species of Sea bream lives in warm waters and is quite common in the southern Mediterranean Sea but is practically very rare in more northern latitudes, except perhaps for some islands such as Elba and Capraia but it is always of a rare event.
Zebra sea bream is quite common in the south of Mediterranean sea and in the islands as Favignana an island of Italy belonging to the Egadi archipelago, in Sicily, The preence of this fish in north of Mediterranean sea is an event that should make us think a lot about the conditions of our sea.
The presence of this species in the coast of Livorno immediately brings of the umpteenth indication of the tropicalization of the Mediterranean Sea and of the constant and inevitable increase in the temperature of our seas. On this site we have often documented this phenomenon as the now annual presence of the northernmost nest in the Mediterranean of the Caretta caretta and reported the temperature anomalies of our seabed for which the explosion of the Mucilage is now a constant event that always occurs at seabeds. deeper where the sea temperature should be around 17 ° C in summer instead of 24/35 ° C.
Zebra sea bream (Diplodus cervinus Lowe, 1838) is a marine bony fish belonging to the Sparidae family.
The shape is similar to that of other white breams but the lips are larger. The color, on the other hand, is unmistakable: silver with 5-6 large black bands that reach almost to the belly, wider than the interposed clear spaces. It is the giant among the Mediterranean bream and reaches up to 55 cm in length, weighing 2.7 kg.
Diet Omnivorous species, it feeds on aquatic plants and small invertebrates.
Distribution and habitat
It is a widespread species in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea; it is much more widespread along the North African coasts than the European ones. In Italy it is rare, it is slightly more common in Sicily. It lives on rocky bottoms up to about 200 m.