For this wreck we have few information, Silvio probably sank during towing a barge loads of copper, due to a storm. It seems to have gone to the bottom of the barge damaged the stern of the tug boat and sinking too. It is located at a depth of about 61 meters, in order of navigation, in the “Shoals area of Vada” a few miles of the coast between Leghorn and Cecina. Relitto del rimorchiatore Silvio
Gallery: gli Abitanti del Silvio
Man’s relationship with the sea has always been very close because the sea has been a source of life with the exploitation of fish resources for its food, for trade with other peoples through transport ships, for the discovery of new lands and their conquest and unfortunately also with wars to resolve conflicts between peoples or nations. This intense activity has always had as a consequence negative effects caused by tragic events and therefore the shipwreck of boats and ships that have become wrecks at the bottom of the sea.
The determining factors that led to the sinking of ships are many; the main ones we can summarize as follows:
(a) adverse weather conditions which the ship was unable to cope with;
b) collisions with submerged reefs or other ships which have caused hull breakage and the ship has embarked water;
c) failures and deteriorations due to incorrect construction or age causing the collapse of the hull structure;
d) the war events that have always existed in human history and are certainly the ones that caused the greatest number of wrecks present in all the seas of the world.
Ships built before the coal and oil era were built of wood and sunken ships never caused damage to the marine environment because wood at sea deteriorates rapidly and, apart from ceramic or metal alloys items such as bronze, nothing remains of the ship. If today we can admire the remains of ancient ships in museums it is because they remained under the sand or the mud of the seabed and this has determined their conservation.
The ships of the modern era instead at the time of the sinking cause a considerable marine pollution especially for the fossil fuels necessary for their navigation consequently there is a significant damage to the marine ecosystem, especially in coral reefs, and only in recent years the man committed himself to their recovery and when this was not possible at least to a reclamation, even if always partial, of the wreck. Over time, marine flora and fauna gradually take over the wreck and make it their refuge especially where the seabed has no rocky areas; therefore it becomes useful because it acts as a refuge for many fish species and as a barrier for trawling which, as we know, greatly damages the seabed. Wrecks are also often a reason for attraction for scuba diving enthusiasts around the world. However, these dives can be very dangerous due to entrapments or subsidence of worn parts. Furthermore, many wrecks are found at high depths and therefore sophisticated equipment and rigorous preparation are required. Relitto del rimorchiatore Silvio